CV: Shri Jagat Pati Joshi
Name: Shri Jagat Pati Joshi
Date of Birth: 14 July, 1932 at Almora, Uttaranchal, India
He did his M.A. in History (Ancient Indian History and Culture) from Lucknow
University in 1954 and was also awarded Gopal Das Memorial Gold Medal for
submitting the best thesis in the last three years in the faculty of Arts,
Lucknow University. The thesis was entitled 'Saiva Mythology as represented
on Ancient Indian Terracota Seals and Coins'.
He did his LL.B. in 1953 from the same University.
He did Post Graduate Diploma in Archaeology (first batch) from the School
of Archaeology (now elevated to the Institute of Archaeology) in the Archaeological
Survey of India, New Delhi in 1961.
- Director General (1987 to 1990) and Adviser (1994-1995) in the Archaeological
Survey of India (ASI).
- He has found (jointly with Shri A.K. Sharma), the Dynastic Temple and fulfledged
school of Vakataka Art at Mansar Distt. Nagpur under aegis of Bodhisattva
Nagarjun Smarak Va Anusandhan Kendra, Nagpur. He is the Adviser of the Institution.
- He has recently established the Matri Smriti Museum and Research Centre
at Kankhal, Hardwar connected with Sri Ma Anandamayee-a museum of spiritual
- He has been examiner of Ph.D. Thesis on Archaeological subjects in Deccan
College Post-Graduate Institute Pune, Kurukshetra University, Allahabad University,
M.S. University, Vadodara and Garhwal University etc.
- He joined Archaeological Survey of India in 1956 at Nagarjunakonda, Andhra
Pradesh and has since worked in various official capacities in different regions
of India and has 45 years of meritorious service in the field of archaeology
to his credit. He was associated with a number of explorations, excavations
and conservation projects of ASI and other Institutions.
- He has specialised in Proto-History and excavations particularly on Harappan
Civilization besides Conservation of Monuments. His basic contributions
to Indian Archaeology include:
- He discovered a large number of sites of Pre-Harappan, Harappan and
late Harappan Cultures in Gujarat, Jammu, Punjab and Haryana. Out of these
sites, the biggest Harappan site in India i.e., Dholavira in Kutch which
is now under excavation was discovered by him during his explorations
in Kutch in 1966.
- He has independently directed the excavations of Harappan sites at Surkotada,
Manda and of Late Harappan sites at Bhagwanpura, Dadheri, Kathpalon and
- Discovery of land routes of the migration of Harappans from Sind to
Saurashtra via Kutch. This has been established on the basis of his exploration.
- On the score of excavations carried out under his direction at Surkotada
: a Harappan site in Kutch, bones of true horse i.e., equus cabalus
linn were discovered and now horse is associated with the Harappans
also which is of considerable importance.
- The dark period from circa 1500 B.C. to 1000 B.C. has been bridged on
the basis of his discoveries of overlap of late Harappan and PGW Cultures
in Haryana and Punjab particularly in the excavations at Bhagwanpura (Distt.
Kurukshetra), Haryana, Dadheri (District Ludhiana); Nagar and Kathpalon
(District Jalandhar) under his direction. On the score of excavations
carried out by him in Haryana & Punjab and Jammu an earlier phase of PGW
and Grey Ware has been recognised which is associated with the Bronze
- On the basis of explorations and detailed documentation and plottings
done under his direction, it has been brought to light that the main thrust
of Harappans was from Bhawalpur/Pakistan area to Rajasthan, Haryana and
Punjab through river Sarasvati. The Harappans in their course of expansion
did not follow the riverine routes of Punjab as was believed earlier.
- He has jointly with Prof. F.R. Allchin of Cambridge University excavated
at the post Harappan site at Malvan which established the point of penetration
by Harappans to areas in Northern Deccan.
- His explorations and observations brought to light three economic pockets
of Harappans on Sarasvati-Hakra system. This could be discerned after
the discovery of a large number of Harappans sites in District Mansa,
- He has been able to date the fire alters found at Kalibangan, Banawali
in the Saraswati Valley and Lothal to the middle levels of Harappan stratigraphy
which perhaps shows their affiliation with Vedic Culture.
- He has collaborated in excavations and other projects on National and
International levels for e.g., with Prof. S.B. Deo, formerly Director,
Deccan College, Pune and Prof. Asko Parpola, of Helsinki, a renowned scholar
of Indus Studies from Finland and Prof. F.R. Allchin of Cambridge University,
a renowned archeologist. The Collaborated field works are now published.
- An altogether new centre of Hinayana School of Buddhist Art was brought
to light by him jointly with Dr. S.B. Deo) at Pauni, District Bhandara,
- Besides, leading Indian archaeological delegations to Sri Lanka, Pakistan,
U.K., Syria, he had visited Australia, Bahrain, USSR, Male, Nepal, Japan,
Singapore, France, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam and USA, he represented India
in various committees of UNESCO e.g. on Restitution of Cultural Property,
Conservation in Cambodia and Mohenjo daro during his tenure as Director General,
- He delivered the Presidential Address in the Indian Archaeological Society,
Kanya Kumari Session 1990 and H.D. Sankalia Memorial Lecture in Indian Society
of Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies at Allahabad in 1999.
Membership of Societies, Scholarships, Prizes, Etc.:
- He was Member Secretary of the Expert Group on Achaeology appointed by Govt.
of India under Shri R.N. Mirdha, M.P. in 1984.
- He was Chairman of the Expert Committee's in Salarjung Museum, Hyderabad
1992-1994; Chairman, Art Purchase Committee of the National Museum, New Delhi,
1992-1994 and Member Expert Committee on Taj Trapezium under Dr. S. Varadarajan
(Ministry of Environment & Forest), New Delhi appointed by Hon'ble Supreme
Court of India. For each of these Committees, detailed reports are available.
- He is nominated by Govt. of India in the Board of Allahabad Museum.
- He was also Trustee of Indian Museum, Calcutta.
- He is expert member on the Assessment Board (Archaeo-botany), Birbal Sahni
Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow.
- He is Chairman, Committee for the Preparation of Inventory of Protected
Monuments of National Importance appointed by Archaeological Survey of India.
- He is the Member of Governing Body of Sri Ma Anandamayee Sangh.
- He is member of the Central Advisory Board of Archaeology and its Standing
- Pauni Excavation (1960-70), Nagpur, 1972 (jointly with Prof. S.B.
- Excavation at Surkotada 1971-72 and Exploration in Kutch, Memoirs
of the Archaeological Survey of India 87, (-MASI), New Delhi, 1990.
- Excavation at Bhagwanpura 1975-76 and other explorations and excavations
1975-81 in Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab, MASIS9, New Delhi, 1993.
- Excavations at Malvan, MAS192, New Delhi, 1995. (with Dr. RR. Allchin).
- Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions: collections in India, MASI,
1996 Helsinki, 1987 (edited with Asko Parpola).
- Facets of Indian Civilization: Recent perspectives (Essays in honour
of Prof. B.B. Lal) (ed). New Delhi, 1997.
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance (Vol. I Part
1), Srinagar Circle, Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi, 1998 (with
Krishna Deva, et al).
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance (Vol. I Part
2), Chandigarh Circle, Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi, 1999 (with
Krishna Deva et al).
- Excavations at Kalibangan, The Early Harappan (with B.B. Lal et
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance, Delhi Circle
(with Krishna Deva et al).
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance, Jaipur CircJe(with
Krishna Deva et al).
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance, Vadodara
Circle (with Krishna Deva et al).
- 'Explorations in northern Kutch', Journal of Oriental Institute of Baroda,
XVI, 1966-67, pp. 62-69.
- 'Explorations in northern Kutch', Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society,
1970, pp. 20-28.
- 'Explorations in northern Kutch and excavations at Surkotada and new light
on Harappan migration', Journal of Oriental Institute of Baroda, XXn,
1972, pp. 98-144.
- 'Fresh light on Archaeology of Kutch' in (ed) Deo S.B., Archaeological
Congress and Seminar Papers, (-ACSP), Nagpur 1972, pp. 21-35.
- 'Malvan', (with F.R. Allchin), in ACSP 1972, pp. 36-42.
- 'Excavations at Surkotada', in (ed) Agrawal D.P. and A. Ghosh, Radio-Carbon
and Indian Archaeology, TIFR Bombay, 1973, pp. 173-181.
- 'Surkotada: A chronological Assessment', Puratattya, 7, 1974, pp.
- 'A note on the excavation at Bhagwanpura', PuTatattva, 8, 1975-76,
- 'Life during the period of overlap of Late Harappa and PGW Cultures', (with
Madhu Bala), Journal of the Indian Society of Oriental Art (NS) IX,
1977-78, pp. 20-29.
- 'Interlocking of late Harappan culture and painted Grey Ware Culture in
the light of recent excavation', Man and Environment, (-ME) II, 1978,
- 'The nature of the settlement of Surkotada' (ed) Agrawal, D.P. and Dilip
Chakrabarti, Essays in Indian Pre History, New Delhi, 1979, pp. 34-38.
- 'Movement of the Harappans in circa third and second millennium B
.C. ' ME, V, 1981, pp 64-69.
- 'Manda: AHarappan site in Jammu and Kashmir', (with Madhu Bala) in (ed)
Possehl, Gregory L., Harappan Civilization: A recent perspective. New
Delhi, 1982, pp. 185-95.
- 'Harappan Culture-Emergence of a new Culture', Pliratattva 13-14,
1981-83, pp 51-54.
- 'The Indus Civilization : A reconsideration on the basis of distribution
Maps' (with Madhu Bala and Jassu Ram) in (ed) Lal, B.B. and S.P. Gupta, Frontiers
of the Indus Civilization, New Delhi, 1984, pp. 511-30.
- 'Settlement patterns in third second and first millennia B.C. in India-with
special reference to recent discoveries in Punjab', in (ed) Varma, K.C. et
al, Rtambhara: studies in Indology (Acharya Udaya Vira Shastri Felicitation
Volume), Ghaziabad, 1986, pp 134-39.
- India and Bahrain: A survey of culture interaction during the third and
second millennia' in (ed) Shaikha HayaAliAl Khalifa and Michael Rice, Bahrain
through the Ages, the Archaeology, London, 1986, pp. 73-75.
- 'The Mahabharata and Indian Archaeology', in (ed) Pande B.M. and B.D. Chattopadhyaya,
Archaeology and History, (Essays in Memory of Sim A. Ghosh) New Delhi,
1987, pp. 19-34.
- 'Archaeological perspectives of Marine activities in Ancient India', in
(ed) Rao, S.R., Marine Archaeology of Indian Ocean Countries, Goa,
1988, pp 99-103.
- 'Presidential Address, Indian Archaeological Society', 24th Annual Session,
Kanyakumari, 1990, in Facets of Indian History, Culture and Archaeology,
(ed) Gupta, S.P. and K.S. Ramachandran, New Delhi, 1991, pp. xxi-xxxi.
- 'Scientific aspects of Indian Archaeology', in (ed) Khanduri B.M. and Vinod
Nautiyal, Him Kanti-Archaeology, Ait and History, (Prof. K.P. Nautiyal
felicitation Volume), Delhi, 1997, pp. 240-44.
- Indian Archaeological expeditions abroad', in (ed) Jagat Pati Joshi, et
al, Facets of Indian Civilization, New Delhi, 1997, pp. 597-610.
- 'Stopping water leakage from the Dome of the Taj', in Facets of Indian
Civilization, New Delhi, 1997, pp. 680-86 (with S.S. Biswas).
- 'Religious and burial practices of Harappans: Indian evidence' in (ed) Pande
G.C., The dawn of Indian civilization up to 600 B.C., New Delhi, 2000.
- 'Harappa culture at the close of twentieth century A.D. ', Man and Environment,
XXV, 2000, pp. 15-30.
C. Papers in Conferences, Short Notes, Etc.:
- "Overlap of Late Harappan Culture and Painted Grey Ware Culture in the light
of recent excavation in Haryana, Punjab and Jammu", (Proceedings of the
Seminar on Indus Civilisation: problems and Issues, Shimla (Nov. 1977).
- "Monumental Heritage", (Workshop under the auspices of UNESCO at Delhi,
- Perspectives of Monumental Heritage and conservation Policy, (Seminar, 1999).
- "Identification of Antiquities" (Seminar held at the National Museum) New
- "Archaeology of Rohilkhand" (Seminar held at Raza Library, Rampur, 1999).
- "Perspectives of Himalayan Heritage" Himalayan Bandhava Seminar, Bhopal,
- "Preservation of Monuments in India", UNESCO Regional Seminar, Sydney.
- "Colonial heritage in India", UNESCO Seminar, Sydney.
- Archaeological Perspective of Kachchh, Seminar and National Symposium on
"Recent Advances in geology and Resource Potential of the Kachchh Basin",
Varanasi, Dec. 21-23.2000.
- Agrawal, D.P. 1995. Archaeo-metallurgical Studies in India: Problems and
Prospects. Paper Presented at the Group Discussion on Scientific Aspects of
Pre- and Protohistoric India, Held on 15 November 1995, Birbal Sahni Institute
of Palaeobotany, Lucknow.
- Agrawal D.P. and Pande B.M. (Eds.) 1977. Ecology and Archaeology of Western
India. New Delhi.
- Agrawal, D.P. and Dilip K. Chakrabarty (Eds.) 1978. Essays in Indian
Protohistory. New Delhi: D.K. Publishers.
Agrawal D.P. Ancient Metal Technology and Archaeology in South Asia,
2000 New Delhi.
- Allchin, Bridget and F.R. Allchin 1982. The Rise of Civilization in India
and Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Bhan, K.K. 1989. Late Harappan Settlements of Western India with Specific
Reference to Gujarat, in Old Problems and New Perspective in the Archaeology
of South Asia (J.M. Kenoyer Ed.), pp. 219-244.
- Madison: Wisconsin Archaeological Reports 2. Bhan, Suraj 1973. The Sequence
and Spread of Protohistoric Cultures in the Upper Sarasvati Basin, Radiocarbon
and Indian Archaeology (D.P. Agrawal and A. Ghosh Eds.), pp. 252-263. Bombay:
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
- Bhan, Suraj 1975. Excavation at Mitathal (1968) and Other Explorations
in the Sutlej-Yamuna Divide. Kurukshetra: Kurukshetra University.
- Bhan, Suraj 1976. Transformation of Harappa Culture in Haryana, in Archaeological
Congress and Seminar 1972 (Udai Vir Singh Ed.), pp. 23-30. Kurukshetra:
- Bisht,R.S. 1987. Further Excavations at Banawali: 1983- 84, in Archaeology
and History, Essays in Memory of A. Ghosh, (B.M. Pande and B.D. Chattopadhyaya
Eds.), pp. 133-156. New Delhi: Agam Kala.
- Bisht, R.S. 1989. The Harappan Colonization of the Kutch: an Ergonomic Study
with Reference to Dholavira and Surkotada, in History and Art (Krishna
Deva and Lallanji Gopal Eds., pp. 265-272. New Delhi: Ramanand Vidya Bhawan.
- Bisht, R.S. 1997. Dholavira Excavations 1990-94, in Facets of Indian
Civilization Recent Perspectives, Essays in Honour of Professor B.B. Lal
(Jagat Pati Joshi Ed.), pp. 107-130. New Delhi: Aryan Books International.
- Bisht, R.S. and Shashi Asthana 1979. Banawali and Some Other Recently Excavated
Harappan Sites in India, South Asian Archaeology 7977(M. Taddei Ed.),
pp. 223-240. Rome: IsMEO.
- Dani, Ahmed Hasan, 1981. Indus Civilization: New Perspectives. Islamabad:
Quaid-i-Azam University. Dhavalikar, M.K. 1995. Cultural Imperialism, Indus
Civilization, Western India. New Delhi: Books & Books.
- Dikshit, K.N. 1978. The Late Harappan Culutre in India, in Essays in
Indian Profohistory (D.P. Agrawal and Dilip K. Chakrabarti Eds.), pp.
123-133. New Delhi: D.K. Publishers.
- Dikshit, K.N. 1984. Late Harappan in Northen India, in Frontiers of the
Indus Civilization (B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta Eds.), pp. 253-269. New Delhi:
Books & Books.
- Dikshit, K.N. 1990-91. The Legacy of Indus Civilization in Northern India,
Puratattva 21: 17-20.
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onest De L'inde, Reppert Pre-liminaire, 1983-84 MAFI.
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Institute of Advanced Study.
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Civilization (Gregory L. Phossehl Ed.), pp. 321-324. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
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Ph.D. Dissertation). Pune: University of Poona.
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Facets of Indian Civilization (J.P. Joshi, Chief Editor), pp. 129-141.
New Delhi: Aryan Books International.
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Civilization (Gregory L. Possehl Ed.), pp. 51-59. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
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K.K. Bhan and V.H. Sonawane 1984-85.
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of Baroda (Humanities) XXXIII-XXXIV(I): 3-20.
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Annual Bulletin of the Archaeological Survey of India.
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New Light on Harappan Migration, Journal of the Oriental Institute
- Joshi, J. P. 1978. Inter-locking of Late Harappan Culture and Painted Grey
Ware Culture in the Light of Recent Excavations, Man and Environment II:
- Joshi, J.P. 1990. Excavations at Surkotada and Exploration in Kutch.
New Delhi: Memoirs of the Archaeo- logical Survey of India No. 87.
- Joshi, J.P. 1993. Excavation at Bhagwanpura 1975-76 and Other Explorations
and Excavations in Haryana 1975-81, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab. New
Delhi: Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India No. 89.
- Joshi, J. P. andAsko Parpola 1987. Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions.
Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.
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Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India No. 92.
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p.l-2, 21-22, 43-46. New Delhi: V.C. National Museum Institute.
- Joshi, J.P. and Krishna Deva 1998. Inventory of Monuments and Sites of
National Importance, Vol. I, Part 1. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey
- Joshi, J. P., Madhu Bala and Jassu Ram 1984. Indus Civilization: a Reconsideration
on the Basis of Distribution Maps, in Frontiers of the Indus Civilization
(B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta Eds.), pp. 511-530. New Delhi: Books & Books.
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Twain Meet? The Role of Bhagwanpura as a Bridge, in Harappan Civilization
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at Mohenjodaro, Vol. II. New Delhi: Government of India.
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Professor B.B. Lal, (Jagat Pati Joshi Ed.), pp. 103-106. New Delhi: Aryan
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Essays in Memory of A. Ghosh. New Delhi: Agam Kala.
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