Gregory Louis Possehl, PhD
Editor, Traditional Knowledge Systems

Brief Bio-Data

Name: Gregory Louis Possehl, PhD

Permanent Address:

University of Pennsylvania Museum
33rd and Spruce Streets
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6398
(215) 898-4042
Phone: (215) 898-4042


University of Chicago, 1974, PhD in Anthropology
University of Washington 1967 MA, Anthropology
University of Washington, 1964 BA, Anthropology

Professional Experience:

Archaeological Field Experience

1964 Participated in the Quetta Valley, West Pakistan Archaeological Project
1965 Participated in the Quetta Valley, West Pakistan Archaeological Project
1966 Field Director of the Quetta Valley, Archaeological Project.
1981-82 Director of the Oriyo excavation, Gujarat, India.
1982-86 Director of the Rojdi excavation, Gujarat, India.
1989-90 Director of the Oriyo excavation, Gujarat, India.
1990 Research in the India Office Library, London on the biography of Charles Masson.
1990-91 Director of the Babar Kot excavations, Gujarat, India.
1992-95 Director of the Rojdi excavations, Gujarat, India
1995-96 Archaeological Exploration, Khairpur District, Sindh, Pakistan
1999-2002 Co-Director of the Gilund excavations, Rajasthan, India

Academic Involvements:

1973-present, Professor of South Asian Archaeology, Department of Anthropology; Curator, Asia Section, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. Appointments in Departments of South Asia Regional Studies and Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Move from South Asia Regional Studies on 1 July 1993

PhD Dissertations Supervised

Marcia Fentress
1976 Resource Access, Exchange Systems, and Regional Interaction in the Indus Valley: An investigation of archaeological variation at Harappa and Mohenjodaro. Department of Oriental Studies, University of Pennsylvania.

Louis Flam
1981 The Palaeogeography and Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in Sind, Pakistan (ca. 4000-2000 B.C.). Department of South Asian Regional Studies, University of Pennsylvania.

Paul C. Rissman
1985 Migratory Pastoralism in Western India in the Second Millennium B.C.: The evidence from Oriyo Timbo (Chiroda). Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.

James Penny
1986 The Petchabun Piedmont Survey: an initial investigation of the prehistory of the western borders of the Khorat Plateau, Northeast Thailand. Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.

Steven A. Weber
1989 Plants and Harappan Subsistence: an example of stability and change from Rojdi. Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.

Karamal Buyong
1992 Megaliths in Malayasia. Department of Anthropology. University of Pennsylvania.

Irene Good
1999 Prehistoric Textiles from Shahr-i Sokhta. Department of Anthropology. University of Pennsylvania.

Nancy Pinto-Orton
2001 Sea-Going Trade in Early Historic Gujarat (c. 100 BC-Ad 500). Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.

Foreign Professorships/ Fellowships:

Overseas Fellow, Churchill College, University of Cambridge


Major Books and Monographs:

2002 The Indus Civilization: A contemporary perspective. Walnut Creek: Altamira Press.

1999 Indus Age: The beginnings. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

1996 Indus Age: The writing system. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press

1993 Harappan Civilization: A recent perspective. 2nd revised edition. Delhi: Oxford & IBH and the American Institute of Indian Studies: edited

1989 Harappan Civilization and Rojdi. Delhi: Oxford & IBH and the American Institute of Indian Studies: with M. H. Raval.

1986 Kulli: An exploration of ancient civilization in South Asia. Durham: Carolina
Academic Press.

Major Articles

2002 Indus-Mesopotamian trade: The record in the Indus. Iranica Antiqua, Vol. XXXVII: 322-340.

2000 Harappan Beginnings. In, Martha Lamberg-Karlovsky, editor, Breakout: The origins of civilization. Museum Monographs 9 Cambridge: Peabody Museum: 99-112.

1999 Early Iron Age in South Asia. In Vincent Pigott, editor, The Archaeometallurgy of the Asian Old World. University Museum Monograph 89, MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology Volume 16 Philadelphia: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, pp. 153-175. With Praveena Gullapalli

1998 Did the Sarasvati Ever Flow to the Sea?. In C. S. Philips, D. T. Potts and S. Searight, eds., Arabia and its Neighbors: Essays on prehistorical and historical developments presented in honor of Beatrice de Cardi. Brussels: Brepols: 339-354.

1998 Introduction of African Millets to the Indian Subcontinent. In, H. D. V. Pendergast, N. L. Etkin, D. R. Harris and P. J. Houghton, eds., Plants for Food and Medicine. Kew: The Royal Botanic Gardens: 107-121.

1998 Sociocultural complexity without the state: The Indus Civilization. In, Gary M. Feinman and Joyce Marcus eds., The Archaic State. Santa Fe: School of American Research: 261-91

1997 The Transformation of the Indus Civilization. Journal of World Prehistory. Volume 11, No. 4: 425-71.

1996 Climate and the eclipse of the ancient cities of the Indus. In, H. Nuzhet Dalfes, George Kukla and Harvey Weiss, eds., Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse. NATO ASI, Series I: Global Environmental Change, Vol. 49. Berlin: Otto Springer: 193-244.

1996 Meluhha. In, Julian E. Reade, ed., The Indian Ocean in Antiquity. London: Kegan Paul International in Association with the British Museum: 133-208.

1994 The Indus civilization. Man and Environment, 19(1-2): 103-13.

1992 The chronology of prehistoric India: from earliest times to the Iron Age. In, Robert Ehrich, ed., Chronologies in Old World Archaeology, 3rd ed. 2 Vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 465-90 & 447-74., with Paul C. Rissman

1990 Revolution in the urban revolution: the emergence of Indus urbanization. Annual Review of Anthropology, 19: 261-82.

1982 Cambay bead making: an ancient craft in modern India. Expedition, 23(4): 39-46.

1979 Pastoral nomadism in the Indus Civilization: an hypothesis. In, M. Taddei, ed., South Asian Archaeology 1977. Naples: Instituto Universitario Orientale, Seminario di Studi Asiatici, Series Minor 6: 537-51.